During this time they rely on their storage organs to survive while resting underground. In a few weeks or months, depending on where you live, you will need to prepare your garden for the winter months. Potted strawberry plants are a bit more susceptible to the freezing temperatures of winter than those planted in the ground. This wonderful rhododendron comes to us from the Himalayas and blooms as early as February in milder winters. As with many woody plants, the best blossoms are carried on younger wood (in our case, two-year-old wood). Its vibrant mint green changes to a purple-brown once the cold weather arrives. The following are some hardy perennials that will survive Ottawa’s toughest winters. By cultivating a variety of plants that flower successively throughout the fall, winter and spring, you can help feed the bees during the coldest months when few blooms are available. During the coldest weather, the plants won’t actually grow, but simply remain dormant until the temperatures warm up and, more specifically, sunlight increases, and growth can resume. You can also start them indoors in seed trays or pots. Many varieties of this gorgeous pink-and-yellow nodding flower are hardy to Zone 4. Perennials Sedum. You can see a beautiful white-flowered specimen in The Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden in Vancouver’s Chinatown. +1-855-908-2882 A favourite Christmas decoration, the Winterberry is a deciduous holly that has bright red berries throughout the winter. Persimmon. It can grow up to three feet tall, and it develops stunning flowers in white, pink, red, orange, and purple. And then lasting through winter with silver foliage. While some of these plants are hardy in Interior and northern gardens, keep in mind that they may not bloom in these regions until early spring. If you taste one before it is … The individual flowers are dotted all along the branches and are lightly scented. While lettuce grows better in spring and autumn, you can keep it growing indoors throughout the winter. Technically the tree is an apricot native to China but widely grown in Japan, hence its often-used common name, Japanese apricot. It seems to prefer well-drained soil conditions although it responds well to a light top dressing of compost each spring. Time to spruce up your landscaping? Also known as Echinacea, most varieties of this pretty wildflower are hardy to Zone 3 or 4. Be warned: they take a few years to reach blooming stage. Prunus mume is the much-revered winter plum of ancient classical Chinese gardens. Discover how our team of certified Ottawa landscapers can help you fulfill your home’s potential. English Primrose. It can withstand the frigid winter weather and keep your garden looking green. Plant Combinations, Flowerbeds Ideas, Winter Garden, Early Spring Garden. Here are just a few of my favourite winter-bloomers, all of which have quite individual soil requirements. The key to their success is well-drained soil, making them ideal for planting on slopes or in raised beds. Once the plants are hardened by … Most primroses bloom in spring or summer—but the English primrose starts showing off in winter. Previous Next. Other plants, such as trees and shrubs, are hardy enough to survive the winter above ground. Broccoli can withstand below-freezing temperatures and can be harvested in late autumn or early spring. In fact, ours at the UBC Botanical Garden thrives in poor soil with absolutely no moisture retention. While your lavender is indoors for winter, follow these practices: Watering: They need less water in winter, too; wait until the top inch of soil feels dry before giving them a drink. Aloe Vera is one of the easy indoor winter plants. It requires a good deciduous woodland-type soil, so any leafy compost is ideal for its success. It helps clear bronchitis and mucus as well. Ours was threatened with being taken out when it was seven years old, but it bloomed heavily that year and has every year since. The early winter flowers tend to be white whereas those that open from December onward are quite pink. This particular specimen is in very well-drained soil planted above a drystone retainer wall. In 2008, following a successful career as a member of the Canadian Alpine Ski Team, Jonathan Robert stepped into the landscaping industry, starting Jonathan Robert Landscapes. To add winter interest, consider leaving the seed heads on the... Peony. To help Wild Columbine and other perennials survive well in the winter, consider lightly covering their garden beds with shredded fall leaves. We searched for these snowdrops every year to remind ourselves that spring was just around the corner, even if it was still January. For a winter harvest, plant a generous amount in slightly alkaline soil in early to mid August. Cold is the major factor inducing plant dormancy. Today, instead of going over the hundreds of ways to winterize, I wanted to share 5 … To add winter interest, consider leaving the seed heads on the plant. Violas | Take it from the alpine mountains where these flowers bloom gloriously even in the freezing … To help them survive the winter and look beautiful next summer, cut down the stems and add 3 to 4 inches of mulch for insulation. Christmas rose. Here’s a look at some of the most popular outside plants for winter, due to their appearance and resistance to cold weather. Those of us who live in these regions also know that our winter begins with the monsoons of November and ends in February, no matter what official dates the calendar may dictate. Kale is one of the easiest plants to grow and cold weather only sweetens its flavor. This time can vary from early September in some parts of the country to late December in others. While not as cold-hardy as kale and collards, Swiss Chard can handle the first and last frosts of the winter season. The berries grow in autumn and last into the winter. With these winter landscaping plant tips from your local Ottawa landscaping professionals, your garden can survive and be beautiful year-round, even in the coldest weather. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Save money and enjoy the bounty of your own vegetable garden with these veggies that can grow through winter. Read his GardenWise blog! Primrose. This slow-growth evergreen shrub is small and has stunning yellow-green leaves. Snow and frost do not deter them. Winter-hardy succulents like many Sedum, Sempervivum, Agave, Ice Plant, Lewisa, and Yucca will overwinter well up to Zone 5-6 and higher. In winter, the lack of sunlight prevents green plants from photosynthesizing and creating food and the below-freezing temperatures stop water circulation in the plant’s sap. To grow brassicas in winter, plant them in an outdoor seedbed in late spring or early summer. This herb can withstand the coldest winter months and is an excellent addition to soups and teas. See 10 tips on how to winterize your garden beds—from covering garden soil to protecting trees and shrubs. Winter Greenhouse Gardening in Canada? It’s so tough, it can take over your garden if you don’t keep an eye on it. In gardening, winter is defined as the time of year when most perennials become dormant. Winters may be long and cold, but your garden can allay that dreariness and be transformed into a place of natural beauty with visually arresting textures, colors, fragrance and flowers. These pretty perennials have a long lifespan and actually need a cold period in order to have a healthy bloom in spring. Please join me for an update on our winter garden after a week of subzero temperatures and a low of -23°F (-31°C). Outdoor container gardens typically involve annual plant species that are discarded come late fall and replaced with new plants each spring. The other advantage of having this shrub at nose level is that the flowers smell delicately of lemon. This succulent can withstand Zones 3 to 4 winters. However, if you live in a more northern climate, planting the vine in a container is the best way to go. Eventually it will reward you with bloom late February or early March. ZZ Plant. Try growing brassicas in your winter garden. Ours is pale pink and when in bloom reminds me of a beautiful brush-painted scroll from the Orient. The following is a list of popular plants for adding visual interest in winter. The clusters of flowers face downward and are surrounded by soft hairy calyces. This tree comes to us from Europe, is hardy to –25°C and so easy to grow throughout much of B.C. At maturity the shrub is only about two metres in height and needs to be planted on a bank or above a retainer wall so that one can view the flowers from below. And then, in autumn and winter, they grow red, orange, or yellow berries. Also known as Bee Balm, Monarda is rich in nectar and is hardy to Zone 4. It’s also a favourite food among birds that stick around Ottawa for winter. The synthetic materials used provide superior performance and longevity over natural fiber products. It is a shrub that reaches about three metres in height and is hardy to –20°C. Plant bulbs that flower in the spring; Pull up any dying plants/remove dead … Hellebores. The trick is to wait until after the blooms have finished (usually in April) to give the plants a haircut with your hedging shears. ‘Purrsian Blue’ Catmint is also deer resistant and drought tolerant. There are many named cultivars in the group; a couple to look out for would be ‘Springwood White’ and ‘Springwood Pink.’ I have fond memories of seeing these interplanted with the tiny bluish-purple Iris reticulata in Winterthur garden in Pennsylvania many years ago. They just need nutrient-rich soil, mulch, and protection from pests. And it has lovely winter foliage that lasts until spring. This is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the winter-flowering plants available to B.C. Preparing Your Garden For Winter. This will allow every bloom to show up to perfection. This evergreen is drought-resistant and can withstand the harshest North American winters. Hostas – Hardy to zone three, these shade loving perennials can survive some pretty tough weather … Edgeworthia chrysantha, formerly known as E. papyrifera, is a most amazing winter-flowering shrub native to China but widely cultivated in Japan where its bark is used in the making of special paper. Cold weather slows down plant growth. However the hybrid gets its name from the famous Bodnant Gardens in North Wales where it originated in 1935. They are quite woody perennials and like all heathers, bloom best on the current season’s growth. If shielded from the wind, this winter flower will add a burst of colour to your snowy garden. This succulent can withstand Zones 3 to 4 winters. Jonathan’s always got an eye on innovation and is always looking ahead to see what’s on the horizon in the industry. Talk to your local Ottawa landscaping experts to design a lush, vibrant garden that will survive and even thrive in the cold fall and winter months. They are basically dormant from September until April. As a small tree it can reach eight metres in height, making it ideal as a specimen tree for the smaller garden. This one is also only suitable for the milder parts of the province where it can tolerate temperatures down to –15°C. To enhance the beauty of these winter gems, be sure to give them a dark backdrop, such as an evergreen hedge or dark-stained fence. Look for unusual leaf colour like blue spruce, Juniper Blue Star or yellow and gold conifers. Potato crops can thrive in cold winters. SOFT WINTER COVERS. In the Asian garden at UBC, when all the rhododendrons were planted 20 years ago, their planting holes were filled with compost derived from city street leaves that had been composting for four years or more. Prunus mume is the much-revered winter plum of ancient classical Chinese gardens. Plant one near an entry to your home so its fragrance can be enjoyed by everyone who comes and goes. Rhododendron barbatum isn’t as easy to find in garden centres but is worth seeking out at specialized nurseries or rhododendron society sales. Canada's plant hardiness map provides insights about what can grow where. It combines information about a variety of climatic conditions across the entire country to produce a single map. Like all bulbs, snowdrops need well-drained soil and if you are particularly interested in them there are other December-blooming ones worth seeking out. I didn’t have a camera at the time but the image remains vivid in my mind. You can see a beautiful white-flowered specimen in The Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden … Even more winter garden colour ideas. We list vegetables, herbs, berry patches, perennials, roses, trees and shrubs so you're covered! Copyright © Canada Wide Media Limited. When you choose perennials for containers, you need to consider their climate adaptability. Canada's #1 Indoor & House Plants Delivery Service! To overwinter your tender perennial plants during Canada’s cold winter months, follow these steps: Dig up the roots or entire plant. With a little care, your clematis in winter will do just fine and return with an abundance of blooms next season. Heavy frost can damage open blossoms, but there are so many flowers to follow that as soon as the temperature rises above freezing they start opening again. Cyclamen blooms in fall with stunning flowers. Free Shipping Over $100! Cornus mas is better known as Cornelian cherry for the fruits that form later in the year. Check locally to find out exactly which plants survive outdoors all year […] Borders and clusters of flowers attract more pollinators than solitary flowers dispersed throughout the garden. In the years since he’s quickly earned a reputation for high-quality work with creative designs and has been recognized in several industry-leading publications. Also a popular plant with fairy gardens, primrose is hardy in Zones 3-8 and prefers light shade. This gem of a plant is virtually indestructible, looking green and healthy even after months … Popular Plants for Visual Interest in Winter . Jonathan is a member of Landscape Ontario, the International Concrete Paving Industry (ICPI), Canadian Nursery Landscape Association (CNLA), and is a Tech-Pro contractor. Winter typically marks the end to gardening season for most Canadians, but fortunately for many British Columbians, we can grow winter plants and flowers year-round. It has the deepest-red trusses of flowers that are heavy with nectar (while the nectar tastes sweet, too much can be toxic). At least that’s what I’m working towards. To view some good specimens of these winter beauties, visit the UBC Botanical Garden or the superb Doris Page Winter Garden at the Horticulture Centre of the Pacific on Vancouver Island anytime from December through February. Potted strawberries need a bit of extra protection to survive winter. The many clusters of minute, star-like, yellow flowers that cover this small tree in late February are often mistaken from afar for witch hazel (Hamamelis). This frost-resistant flower thrives in shady gardens and most soils and climates since it is hardy in Zones 2 to 7. These pretty perennials have a long lifespan and actually need a cold period in order to have a healthy bloom in... Monarda. Cold-resistant perennials and other plants survive the winter in a resting stage underground. Collards tolerate freezing temperatures, and can even be harvested throughout the winter in Zone 8 and higher. Viburnum x bodnantense is a cross between V. farreri and V. grandiflorum, both of which are quite lovely in their own natural forms. While some plants can survive winter, others will die. This lovely quote from the book Shrubs by Roger Phillips and Martyn Rix (Random House) says it all: “Prunus mume is of great and defined beauty, but rare in cultivation.” If you stumble upon one in a garden centre, buy it, bring it home and plant it immediately. That's when the tightly-clustered, five-petaled flowers start appearing in a range of showy colors, including red, pink, blue, white, yellow and orange. The Siberian Iris isn’t only resistant to cold winters, being hardy in Zone 3, but it is also animal pest-resistant and can handle both wet and dry soils. This beautiful flower is super tough, staying in bloom from early summer to the fall frost. It is native to the mountains of Europe and Asia Minor. As far as soil goes, this viburnum isn’t too fussy. As a tropical plant, it requires a warm temperature, but it does not… Although Ottawa gets unbearably cold in winter, you can still have a beautiful garden year-round with the right plants and flowers. Winterberries like full sun and moist soil, and will add great color to your winter garden. Here are some of the best flowers that will either grow or survive underground in fall and winter. Winter care of clematis plants includes deadheading and protection, depending on your climate. Hosta grows back bigger and better every spring after even the harshest winters. These NuVue Synthetic Winter Wrapz™ plant covers are universally sized for tree, shrub, hanging plant or outdoor items. To help your perennials rest through the freeze/thaw cycle, trim back dead foliage and cover with mulch for insulation. gardeners. Like hostas, primroses have shallow roots that should be protected by mulch in the winter to retain moisture. Christmas rose, Helleborus niger, is the first of the hellebores to flower, usually in … It is also restricted to coastal regions as it is only hardy to –10 to –15° C. You will need a large garden, as it can reach six metres or more in height and width (although this would actually take 50 years or so in our climate). Thus, in preparing for winter, it's crucial to understand just what kind of cold affects your garden. In fact, the southern coast and southern Vancouver provide ideal growing conditions for a number of winter-flowering plants. Kale will usually survive freezing temperatures, but you can protect the leaves from … Call: Plants and Flowers That Can Withstand Canadian Winters, Pros of Working with an In-House Landscape Designer, Common Landscaping Mistakes Cottage Owners Make. To help them bloom spring, trim back dead foliage in autumn. During winter, the plants want to rest and will not produce much, if any, new growth. Some plants might not survive over winter! You betcha. What’s more, they won’t rot, mold or mildew for years of use. But with that said, winter care is pretty simple and straightforward as long as you bring them in out of harms way. Galanthus nivalis is an amazing little snowdrop hardy to zone 4, making it definitely garden-worthy throughout much of the province. There are a lot of great things you can do for your garden in the fall and winter. How do you put your garden to bed for winter? Spinach will survive the winter months. Frilly pink ornamental cabbages look great in containers while photinia and euonymous light up borders. The other advantage of having this shrub at nose level is that the flowers smell delicately of lemon. One member of the sedum family—Dragon’s Blood—turns red in autumn. How to Prepare Clematis for Winter Clematis winter preparation starts with snipping off spent blooms, also known as deadheading. They lend a completely different texture to a winter landscape bed. Gardeners have many reasons to feel fortunate about living in B.C., and the ability to enjoy colourful blooms even in the depth of winter is certainly one of them. You can also try berrying shrubs like holly, cotoneaster and pyracantha. Growing garlic couldn't be easier and there are lots of varieties to choose from for autumn … Because winter flowers bloom during the darkest days of the year, they are all the more precious and deserve a place in your garden that is not only sheltered, but that allows you to easily view the blooms from the comfort of your favourite chair indoors. BCLiving keeps you in the know on everything West Coast, highlighting local trends, eats, entertainment and travel ideas. Winter Vegetables Go Dormant. This plant is ideal for growing in a pot, as ground cover, or as a tree—being able to grow more than 50 feet high if allowed. These are some of the most popular winter annual plants since they are able to survive most cold weather. Let's look at some popular plants exhibiting these characteristics. These shrubs flower from spring to mid-summer. Plant hellebore, also known as lenten rose, for distinctive flowers and foliage in winter … This evergreen can withstand the arctic cold of Siberia, so it will undoubtedly survive Ottawa’s frigid winters. It is a small tree hardy to –15°C. One of the most winter-hardy fruits is the wild persimmon. He works hard to stay on top of current guidelines, practices, and regulations. From the editors of BCLiving, a seasonal subscription box of beauty products & decor treasures. For over 50 years, Jonathan Robert Landscapes has been transforming homes to match the vision and dreams of our clients. Mandevilla plants in winter survive the season in fine shape if you live in a tropical climate that falls within the temperature ranges of USDA plant hardiness zones 9 and above. If you start your brassicas indoors, transfer them into the ground outside once they grow into seedlings with a few sets of leaves. Again, this is a generalization and many of the varietals in each family will have more or less cold-hardiness. It isn’t too fussy about soil conditions but hates to have waterlogged roots over winter. 14 day happiness guarantee + Fast delivery anywhere in Canada. Some are hardy to zone 5, and I saw some doing beautifully in a Kamloops garden earlier this year. One particular grouping in a garden close to UBC used to always bloom late December or early January. With shrubs older than three or four years, don’t be afraid to prune out one or two of the oldest branches right to the ground soon after flowering has finished in the spring. Perennials are known to last the winter, resting until the warm weather returns. Conifers take a back seat; their value to winter landscapes goes without saying, so we're limiting their representation to two entries here. 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