battle of sedan map
Posted on December 10, 2020

[68] A number of the German tanks were knocked out in rapid succession. Joined by VII Saxon Corps which pressed towards the village of La Moncelle to the north along Givonne creek, the Bavarians fought through the early morning hours. [47] Loerzer and Richthofen committed two Stuka units to the attack. [68] It took from 07:30 to 08:45 on 14 May for the French armour to traverse the last 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the ridge. The 10th Panzer Division was to cross the Meuse south of Sedan and protect the southern flank of the corps. The Battle of Sedan was fought September 1, 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). In the next attacks, they held their positions and fought. [35] Crossing the Meuse had enabled the Germans to achieve the operational goal of Fall Gelb and encircle the strongest Allied armies, including the British Expeditionary Force. X Corps, with the 12th and 64th Reconnaissance Battalions, elements of the 71st Infantry Division, 205th Infantry Regiment, the 4th Tank Battalion were also to join the attack. This, along with the loss of the other villages along the Givonne, compelled the French to establish a new line west of the stream. Meuse River, river, rising at Pouilly on the Langres Plateau in France and flowing generally northward for 590 miles (950 km) through Belgium and the Netherlands to the North Sea. In 1866, it annexed territories in northern Germany after success in the Austro-Prussian War and was set on taking over the southern German states of Bavaria, Wurttemberg, Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt. Following the First World War, the French General Staff had ruled out the idea of a future German thrust through the Ardennes–Sedan sector. The resources at the disposal of the two Series B divisions, the 55th and later 71s Infantry Divisions, who were to bear the brunt of the attack, were weak. The infantry also succeeded in knocking out most of the casemates in the area using flamethrower teams to destroy the bunkers whose infantry failed to surrender quickly. [71], The Germans suffered a seven-hour delay in getting their armour across the bridge from 01:20-07:30, which could have been disastrous for the Panzer divisions. Alone, the tanks tried to attack and failed. This was to prove fatal, especially coupled with the fact that the French generalship at large was expecting a considerably more prolonged process of initial German assault phase and overall attack effort as a whole. But there were three fundamental choices. The major efforts were now made by the AASF. As a result, Prussian forces advanced on Paris and laid siege on September 19. Map of the defense of Paris . Fliegerkorps (under Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen). [16] The Germans noted the particular weakness between the chassis and turret of the French tanks, which were vulnerable to their fire. Most units had been involved in construction work and were constantly moved to different tactical positions. It was to occupy the Bulson position on the Chéhéry–Bulson–Haraucourt axis and strike at the Meuse bridgeheads. By nightfall, at least 600 tanks, including those of the 2nd Panzer Division which had to use the 1st Panzer Division's bridge at Gaulier (owing to theirs not having yet been constructed), were across the Meuse. At 07:30 on 14 May, French armour advanced to Bulson ridge with a view to seizing the high ground vacated by the infantry of the 55th Infantry Division on 13 May[68] and, more importantly, to destroy the German bridgeheads. In large air battles, the Allies suffered high losses which depleted Allied bomber strength in the campaign. [12] Moreover, the batteries were short of ammunition. The Maginot Line ended 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Sedan at La Ferté, where Fort No. On 14 May, the Allied forces had been wrong-footed and through their failures in deployment forfeited the campaign. [68], The initial encounters took place as the Battle of Hannut was being fought in Belgium. Enable JavaScript to see Google Maps. Map of the battle of Metz. [54] The Großdeutschland Regiment had now penetrated 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) into the French defences. [71], Lafontaine had hesitated over the 24 hours since the afternoon of 13 May. On 15 May, the battle began. [9] Loerzer called 14 May "the day of the fighter". [5] So heavy was the defensive fire that the Allied bombers could not concentrate over the target. The speed of the German tanks also enabled them to offset their inferiority in combat power to the French tanks. When MacMahon was wounded early in the fighting, command of the army fell to General Auguste-Alexandre Ducrot who initiated orders for a retreat from Sedan. From May 12 to 15, 1940, during World War II, German troops invaded neutral Belgium and crossed the Meuse River by winning the Second Battle of Sedan. [85] French and British forces were dispatched from England and participated in the battles of June 1940, the French surrendering along with the rest of the French armed forces on 25 June 1940, when the Armistice of 22 June took effect. Owing to this Lafontaine also delayed issuing orders to the tactical attack units until 05:00 on 14 May, by which time the Germans had consolidated their bridgehead and the Panzer divisions' combined arms infantry teams were already advancing inland to Bulson. By 01:00 on 14 May, a pontoon bridge had been erected over which Sd.Kfz. The 1st Panzer Division, reinforced by the Infantry Regiment Großdeutschland, a battalion of assault engineers, and divisional artillery of the 2nd and 10th Panzer Divisions, was to make the main attack by crossing the Meuse just north of Sedan and seizing the Heights of la Marfee overlooking the city. Priority between Sedan and Houx is at 1,000,000 to 1". $139.36 USD $163.95 USD. Ultimately the failure of the French to hold it meant the final failure to eliminate the Sedan bridgeheads. Click map for larger image . Little attempt was made to improve the poor combat quality of the division. See Details. Some of the French 102nd Infantry division's batteries also joined in from the north west, at Charleville. One of these tanks, commanded by Pierre Billotte, proved invulnerable to German anti-tank fire and took 140 hits, and knocked out 13 German tanks (two PzKpfw IV and eleven PzKpfw III) and a number of anti-tank guns. Prussian casualties totaled 1,310 killed, 6,443 wounded, 2,107 missing. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. One of the premier infantry regiments, the 213th Infantry Regiment, was removed from the line altogether and was replaced with the 331st Regiment. [6] Only in the afternoon did the German artillery make an appearance, but with little effect. Crossing at the extreme western end of the Sedan sector on the Donchery axis, it was forced to advance across open terrain for the last 3 km before reaching the bridgehead. Map of the battle of Sedan. Not all of these were laid, and some barriers were moved during the bunker construction in the Sedan sector. On 12 May, Sedan was captured without resistance and the Germans defeated the French defences around Sedan on the west bank of the Meuse. [3], In the sector of Longwy, Sedan and Namur, where the Ardennes and the River Meuse meet, the Ninth Army and Second Army were made up chiefly of poor quality divisions. [16] Often, the Panzer IIIs and IVs could speed into the rear of French formations, closing quickly and knocking out the French armour from the rear. The First Rifle Regiment, 1st Panzer, had crossed the boundary into the 2nd Panzer's territory. The nine Kampfgruppen (bomber wings) of II. 1870 in France, Texts, Artillery of France, Battle of Sedan, French Zouaves, Use of weapons, Paintings in Ardennes (department), 1907, ... Adolf Hitler with battle maps at Bruly-de-Peche Ardennes WW2 command centre, As pictured to the left of Adolf Hitler is General Alfred Jodl, and on the right Field Marshal Walter von Brauchitsch, commander-in-chief of the army. Between 15:00–16:00, 71 RAF bombers took off escorted by Allied fighters. 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